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Namespaces

One important feature of IQL is the integration of Java types. The DSL can refer to Java types from Java standard libraries, Odysseus Bundles or other external libraries. Namespaces are useful in this context to refer Java types by a simple name and not by a fully qualified name. The static-keyword allows the static methods of a java class to be referenced without qualifying the class name.

Grammar
ID                      ::= ("a".."z"|"A".."Z"|"_")("a".."z"|"A".."Z"|"_"|"0".."9")*.
QName                   ::= ID ("::" ID)*
Namespace              ::= "use" ("static")? QualifiedNameWithWildcard ";".
QualifiedNameWildcard  ::= QualifiedName ("::*")?
Example
use java::util::*;
use de::uniol::inf::is::odysseus::core::ISubscription;
use com::google::common::collect::ImmutableMap;
use static java::lang::System;

Class, Interface

Besides the integration of Java types it is also possible to create your own classes and interfaces.

Grammar
Class                  ::= "class" ID ("extends" QName)? ("implements" QName ("," QName)*)? "{" (Attribute | Method)* "}". 
Interface              ::= "interface" ID ("extends" QName ("," QName)*)? "{" (MethodDeclaration)* "}".
Attribute              ::= VariableDeclaration (VariableInit)? ";".
VariableDeclaration    ::= Type ID.
Type                   ::= (PrimitiveType | QName) ("[" "]")*.
PrimitiveType          ::= "boolean" | "byte" | "char" | "short" | "int" | "float" | "long" | "double".
Method                 ::= ("override")? MethodDeclaration StatementBlock.  
MethodDeclaration      ::= ID (MethodParameters)? (":" Type)?.
MethodParameters       ::= "(" (VariableDeclaration ("," VariableDeclaration)*)? ")".
Example Class
class Point implements IPoint{
    int x;
    int y;
    
    Point(int x, int y) {
        this.x = x;
        this.y = y;
    }
    
    override getX() : int{
        return this.x;
    }
    
    override getY() : int{
        return this.y;
    }    
}
Example Interface
interface IPoint {
	getX() : int;
    getY() : int;
}

Statements

Methods, constructors and other blocks are sequences of statements. They can be divided into atomic and compound statements. Atomic statements are not made up of other statements and end with a semicolon (e.g. VariableStatement). Compound statements (also called control structures) contain other statements (e.g. WhileStatement).

Grammar
Statement              ::= ( StatementBlock | IfStatement | SwitchStatement | WhileStatement | DoWhileStatement | ForStatement | ForEachStatement
                           | VariableStatement | ConstructorStatement | ExpressionStatement | BreakStatement | ContinueStatement | ReturnStatement ).
StatementBlock         ::= "{" (Statement)* "}".
IfStatement            ::= "if" "(" Expression ")" Statement ("else" Statement)?.
SwitchStatement        ::= "switch" "(" Expression ")" "{" ("case" Expression ":" (Statement)*)* ("default" ":" (Statement)*)? "}"
WhileStatement         ::= "while" "(" Expression ")" Statement.
DoWhileStatement       ::= "do" Statement "while" "(" Expression ")" ";".
ForStatement           ::= "for" "(" VariableDeclaration ";" Expression ";" Expression ")" Statement.
ForEachStatement       ::= "for" "(" VariableDeclaration ":" Expression ")" Statement.
VariableStatement      ::= VariableDeclaration VariableInit ";".
ConstructorStatement   ::= ("super" | "this") "(" (ArgsList)? ")" ";".
ExpressionStatement    ::= Expression ";".
BreakStatement         ::= "break" ";".
ContinueStatement      ::= "continue" ";".
ReturnStatement        ::= "return" (Expression)? ";".
Example if-Statement
int i = 2;
if (i>2) {
            
}
Example switch-Statement
int i = 2;      
switch(i) {
	case 2 :
		return true;
	case 4 : 
		return true;
	default :
		return false;
}
Example while-Statement
int i = 2;           
while (i>2) {
            
} 

do {
            
} while (i>2);            
Example for-Statement
for (int j = 0; j<10; j++) {

} 
        
List list = [1,2,3];
for (Object element : list) {

}

 

A new object can be created by calling a constructor. It is also possible to assign values to attributes in this context. This makes it easier to configure operators when building a query with QDL because it is not necessary to create a new statement for each parameter.

Example
// Constructor Call
Point p1 = new Point(2, 5);
Point p2(2,5);

// Assigning values to attributes
Point p3 = new Point{x = 2, y = 5};
Point p4{x = 2, y = 5};

Select sel{predicate="bid.price <=200"};
Project proj(sel){attributes=[bid.PRICE]};

Expressions

An expression is used as part of other expressions or statements and produces a value as result.

Grammar
Expression           ::= ( AssignmentExpression | LogicalExpression | EqualityExpression | ArithmeticExpression | UnaryExpression | CastExpression
							| PrefixExpression | PostfixExpression | InstanceOfExpression | CreateExpression | AttributeExpression | MethodExpression
							| ArrayExpression | "this" | "super" | ID | LiteralExpression | ("(" Expression ")").
AssignmentExpression ::= Expression ("=" | "+=" | "-=" | "*=" | "/=" | "%=") Expression.
LogicalExpression    ::= Expression ("&&" | "||") Expression.
EqualityExpression   ::= Expression ("==" | "!=" | ">" | ">=" | "<" | "<=") Expression.
ArithmeticExpression ::= Expression ("+" | "-" | "*" | "/"| "%") Expression.                      
UnaryExpression      ::= ("+" | "-" | "!") Expression.
CastExpression       ::= "(" Type ")" Expression.
PrefixExpression     ::= ("++" | "--") Expression.
PostfixExpression    ::= Expression ("++" | "--").
InstanceOfExpression ::= Expression "instanceof" Type.
NewExpression        ::= "new" QName (("[" "]") | (("(" (ArgsList)? ")")? ("{" ArgsMap "}")?)).
MemberCallExpression ::= (Expression ".")? ID ("(" (ArgsList)? ")")?.
ArrayExpression      ::= Expression ("[" ArgsList "]")+.
LiteralExpression    ::= Integer | Double | Boolean | Char | String | Range | List | Map | Null
VariableInit         ::= ((("(" (ArgsList)? ")")? ("{" ArgsMap "}")?) | ("=" Expression)).
ArgsList             ::= Expression ("," Expression)*.
ArgsMap              ::= ArgsMapKeyValue ("," ArgsMapKeyValue)*.
ArgsMapKeyValue      ::= ID "=" Expression

If a data type has a getter- or setter-method there will always be a corresponding attribute to access. So it is often possible to use assignment expressions instead of method calls.

Example
Tuple tuple = createTuple();

ITimeInterval time = tuple.metadata;
tuple.metadata = time;

//is equivalent to
ITimeInterval time1 = tuple.getMetadata();
tuple.setMetadata(time1);

Metadata

Grammar
Metadata               ::= ID "=" MetadataValue.
MetadataValue          ::= MetadataValueSingle | MetadataValueList | MetadataValueMap.
MetadataValueSingle    ::= INTEGER | Double | CHAR | STRING | BOOLEAN | QName.
MetadataValueList      ::= "[" (MetadataValue ("," MetadataValue)*)? "]".
MetadataValueMap       ::= "[" (MetadataValueMapEntry ("," MetadataValueMapEntry)*)? "]".
MetadataValueMapEntry  ::= MetadataValue ":" MetadataValue.

See operators in ODL or queries in QDL for examples.

Literals

Literals are sequence of characters that represent constant values to be stored in variables.

Grammar
Integer                 ::= (0..9)+.
Double                  ::= (0..9)* "." (0..9)+.
Boolean                 ::= ("true" | "false").
Char                    ::= "'" Unicode-Character "'".
String                  ::= '"' (Unicode-Character)* '"'.   
Range                   ::= (0..9)+ ".." (0..9)+.
List                    ::= "[" (Expression ("," Expression)*)? "]".  
Map                     ::= "[" (MapKeyValue ("," MapKeyValue)*)? "]".
MapKeyValue             ::= Expression ":" Expression.
Null                    ::= "null".
Example
Range r = 1..10;
List l  = [1, 2, 3];
Map m   = ["key1":1, "key2":2];
Tuple t = [5, true, 3.4];
IPunctuation p = 100;

 

Java-Code

IQL-code is always translated into Java-code. Sometimes it might be useful to write Java-code directly instead of IQL-code.

Grammar
GPLCode                ::= "$*" GPL Code "*$"
Example
$*
public static void main(String[] args) {
         
}
*$

Comments

IQL supports single- and multi-line comments.

Grammar
Comment                 ::= SingeLineComment | MultiLineComment.
SingeLineComment        ::= "//" Text (("\r")? "\n")?.
MultiLineComment        ::= "/*" Text "*/".
Example
// This is a single line comment

/*
 * This is a multi line comment
 */

 

 

 

 

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